International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 135

Research Paper | Chemistry | Kenya | Volume 2 Issue 7, July 2013


Physico-Chemical Properties of Spring Water in Kabare and Baragwi Locations, Gichugu Division Kirinyaga County of Kenya

Mwaniki S. Ngari, Wanjau T. Wangui, Njeru S. Ngoci, Mavura J. W


Abstract: Gichugu division has numerous springs, which are a manifestation of potentially high volumes of groundwater. This water is characteristically different from river water in terms of physical parameters like fizzling, characteristic taste and clarity. Its chemistry was studied to explain the above differences. The study established that groundwater in Gichugu area is slightly acidic (pH 6.48), moderately hard (126.1 mg/l CaCO3) and NaHCO3 / NaCl type (357.7 mg/l Na, 155.6 mg/l HCO3-, 4.67 mg/l Cl-). These salts and the pH explained the taste of the water. Also, NaCl electrolyte accounted for the relatively higher conductivity (2.888 Ec S/cm) while such ions as Ca2+ and Mg2+ explained the moderate hardness of this ground water. The percolation of this water through the surface soils of recharge areas generally results in significant purification hence the clarity. Fizzling was as a result of dissolved gases such as carbon dioxide and oxygen as they escaped. It was also established that a common groundwater aquifer underlies the area. Iron (0.6762 mg/1) and manganese (0.2972 mg/1) were found in excess of WHO recommended limits (0.3 mg/1 and 0.1 mg/1 respectively) for potable water quality while fluoride was in relatively low amounts (0.497 mg/1). However, their levels in this water do not make this water unsuitable for drinking since they are still within the acceptable tolerance levels.


Keywords: Ground water, Chemical composition, Fizzling, Taste, Total Hardness


Edition: Volume 2 Issue 7, July 2013,


Pages: 280 - 285


How to Cite this Article?

Mwaniki S. Ngari, Wanjau T. Wangui, Njeru S. Ngoci, Mavura J. W, "Physico-Chemical Properties of Spring Water in Kabare and Baragwi Locations, Gichugu Division Kirinyaga County of Kenya", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=0201373, Volume 2 Issue 7, July 2013, 280 - 285

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address


Similar Articles with Keyword 'Ground water'

Downloads: 79

Research Paper, Chemistry, India, Volume 9 Issue 10, October 2020

Pages: 1398 - 1400

Assessment of Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Drinking Water Sources in Winter at Manikpur, Chitrakoot (UP)

Dr. Pramod Kumar

Share this Article

Downloads: 80

Research Paper, Chemistry, Sudan, Volume 9 Issue 11, November 2020

Pages: 1639 - 1643

Physicochemical Properties of Ground Water from Elfarshaya Area, Southern Kordufan State, (Sudan)

A. Gobara, Yagoub Abdalla Ali

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Chemical composition'

Downloads: 104

Review Papers, Chemistry, India, Volume 5 Issue 4, April 2016

Pages: 2128 - 2133

Calcium Carbonate and Derived Products

N. K. Mathur, S. R. Jakhar, Rajendra Mathur

Share this Article

Downloads: 116

Research Paper, Chemistry, India, Volume 3 Issue 11, November 2014

Pages: 1551 - 1556

Bio Synthesis and Characterisation of Fe3o4 Nanoparticles Using Caricaya Papaya Leaves Extract

N. Latha, M. Gowri

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Taste'

Downloads: 79

Research Paper, Chemistry, India, Volume 9 Issue 10, October 2020

Pages: 1398 - 1400

Assessment of Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Drinking Water Sources in Winter at Manikpur, Chitrakoot (UP)

Dr. Pramod Kumar

Share this Article

Downloads: 108

Research Paper, Chemistry, Nigeria, Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015

Pages: 3213 - 3216

Assessments of the Level of Contamination of Effluent from Aladja River, Delta State, Nigeria

Okoh R, Akpoghelie J. O, Kpomah D.

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Total Hardness'

Downloads: 1

Research Paper, Chemistry, India, Volume 10 Issue 8, August 2021

Pages: 548 - 556

Physico Chemical Evolution of Water Quality at Pithampur Industrial Area during 2016 - 2017

Paras Tak, Madhaw Singh Chouhan

Share this Article

Downloads: 108

Research Paper, Chemistry, Nigeria, Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015

Pages: 3213 - 3216

Assessments of the Level of Contamination of Effluent from Aladja River, Delta State, Nigeria

Okoh R, Akpoghelie J. O, Kpomah D.

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Ground'

Downloads: 51

Review Papers, Chemistry, India, Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021

Pages: 1453 - 1458

Use of Genipin as a Natural Amino Acid Based Fingerprint Enhancing Reagent and Comparison with Frequently Used Ninhydrin

Suryapratap Ray, Chitra Jangid

Share this Article

Downloads: 57

Research Paper, Chemistry, Sudan, Volume 10 Issue 2, February 2021

Pages: 471 - 477

Study of Some Physicochemical and Functional Properties of Acacia gerrardii Gum from Sudan

Elassam. H. Ahmed, Asma, H. Mohammed, Adam A. Farah, Leila M. Mokhtark

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'water'

Downloads: 53

Research Paper, Chemistry, Nigeria, Volume 2 Issue 3, March 2013

Pages: 457 - 459

Selenium Content in some Brands of Bottled Beer Marketed in Makurdi Town Benue State, Nigeria

A. D. Oklo, R. Sha'Ato, K. Asemave, C.Mkurzurum

Share this Article

Downloads: 117

Research Paper, Chemistry, India, Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014

Pages: 2047 - 2050

Removal of Lead from Aqueous Solution Using Black Liquor - A Pulp Mill Waste

Anuja Agarwal, Babita Kapil

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Chemical'

Downloads: 117 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Review Papers, Chemistry, United Kingdom, Volume 4 Issue 12, December 2015

Pages: 2133 - 2135

African Shea Butter as a Staple and Renewable Bioproduct

Kaana Asemave, Tabitha Amarkasev Asemave

Share this Article

Downloads: 0

Research Paper, Chemistry, India, Volume 10 Issue 5, May 2021

Pages: 1173 - 1175

Removal of Heavy Metal Copper (II) from Aqueous Solution Using Chemically Modified Orange Peel

Kumar Joshi, Yashkumar Satasiya, Akash Patel, Momin Mustufa

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'composition'

Downloads: 1 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Chemistry, Iraq, Volume 10 Issue 11, November 2021

Pages: 1017 - 1021

Synthesis, Characterization, Thermal Analysis, and Antibacterial Activity of New Tetradentate Ligands and their Complexes

Basher J. Kadhim, Jasim Alshawi, Tahseen Alslaim

Share this Article

Downloads: 49 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Chemistry, India, Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021

Pages: 1595 - 1599

Synthesis and Characterization of Zinc (II) Salicylaldehyde N (4) Arylthiosemicarbazones

Dr. J. L. Maurya

Share this Article
Top