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Effect of Diabetes on the Onset of Various Complications in Adult Type 2 Diabetic Population

Bibi Fatima Hasan, Avanti Rao

Abstract: The aim of the study was to check the biochemical parameters as indicators of the onset of various complications in the body, to correlate these complications with adult type 2 diabetic population and to associate the duration of diabetes mellitus with other complications. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 109 diabetic subjects out of which 47.7% (n=52) were males and 52.29% (n=57) were females. Baseline data showed that the mean HbA1c of males was 11.94% and that of females was 7.27%. Hypertension was the most common complication (90.8%) followed by cardiovascular diseases (38.5%), eye diseases (34.86%), renal disorders (29.35%) and foot complications (28.44%). The prevalence of liver disease was just 8.25%. Majority of patients (38.53%) had two complications, followed by three complications in 25.68%, only one complication in 22.01% and four complications in 13.76% subjects along with diabetes. Pearsons coefficient of correlation proved a positive association (r=0.904 in males and r=0.833 in females) of these complications with diabetes. In people with type 2 diabetes, the risk of developing different complications is inversely proportional to glycemic control. This emphasises the fact that effective control of type 2 diabetes is needed to prevent or reduce the risk of these complications.

Keywords: Diabetes, Macrovascular, Microvascular, Renal-Retinal Association.

Country: India, Subject Area: Nutrition Science

Pages: 796 - 799

Edition: Volume 8 Issue 6, June 2019

How to Cite this Article?

Bibi Fatima Hasan, Avanti Rao, "Effect of Diabetes on the Onset of Various Complications in Adult Type 2 Diabetic Population", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR),, Volume 8 Issue 6, June 2019, 796 - 799

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