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Anesthesia in Endoscopic Procedures

Majlinda Naco, Haxhire Gani, Arvin Dibra

Abstract: During the last decade there has been an increase of gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures. Endoscopy (gastroscopy, colonoscopy, ERCP and related techniques) means the procedure where a flexible tube with a camera pass into the stomach and first part of the small bowel during gastroscopy and the large bowel during colonoscopy. The equip of anesthesiologists may be asked to provide anesthesia for procedure that require sedation, monitor anesthesia care (MAC) or general anesthesia. MAC is a type of anesthesia service during which a patient is typically still aware, but very relaxed. During endoscopy the patients are in a minimal, moderate or deep ?procedural sedation? which allows the specialist to perform the procedure and aims patient?s safety and comfort. The common medicines used for sedation are benzodiazepines as midazolam which act on the brain and SNQ and opioids as fentanyl which decrease the patient?s perception of pain, dexmetedetomidine , low dose ketamine or propofol. Propofol is ideally suited for endoscopy sedation because it is a short acting anesthetic induction drug but always is required greater level of monitoring.

Keywords: endoscopy sedation, midazolam, propofol, fentanyl, monitoring

Country: Albania, Subject Area: Medical Surgical

Pages: 1723 - 1725

Edition: Volume 8 Issue 5, May 2019

How to Cite this Article?

Majlinda Naco, Haxhire Gani, Arvin Dibra, "Anesthesia in Endoscopic Procedures", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v8i5/show_abstract.php?id=ART20198205, Volume 8 Issue 5, May 2019, 1723 - 1725

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