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Assessment of Groundwater Quality for Drinking Purposes Using GIS Approach in Fatehabad District of Haryana

Sushma Bisht, Basant Rai, Ravindra Prawasi

Abstract: Groundwater is needed in every sphere of human activity. Hence, this study highlights the groundwater quality and its suitability for drinking purposes in Ratia block of Fatehabad district, Haryana. Twenty samples were collected from different locations of study area from hand pumps and tube wells using Garmin 72 H GPS in the month of February-March, 2017. All the collected samples were analyzed using Field Water Testing Kit prepared by Tamilnadu Water Supply and Drainage Board, Chennai. The result shows that pH ranges between 6.5 to 8, alkalinity 140 mg/l to 450 mg/l, Hardness 130 mg/l to 600 mg/l, Chloride 10 mg/l to 410 mg/l, Fluoride 0 mg/l to 2 mg/l, Iron nil (0 mg/l), Ammonia nil (0 mg/l) to 0.5 mg/l, Nitrate 45 mg/l to 100 mg/l and Total Dissolved Solids 336 mg/l to 1740 mg/l in Ratia block of Fatehabad district. Total dissolved solids (TDS) calculated with the help of alkalinity, hardness and chloride. ArcGIS 10 software have been used for Inverse Distance Weighted (IDW) interpolation of groundwater samples to know the spatial scenario of quality parameters in the study area and categorized as per IS 10500: 2012 drinking water standards. The study shows that pH, iron and Ammonia falls under desirable limit; alkalinity, Hardness, chloride and TDS fall under desirable and permissible; fluoride falls under desirable, permissible and non-potable limit; nitrate falls under desirable and non-potable limit of drinking water class.

Keywords: Concentration, Groundwater, Samples, TDS, ArcGIS

Country: India, Subject Area: Environmental Science

Pages: 819 - 823

Edition: Volume 8 Issue 5, May 2019

How to Cite this Article?

Sushma Bisht, Basant Rai, Ravindra Prawasi, "Assessment of Groundwater Quality for Drinking Purposes Using GIS Approach in Fatehabad District of Haryana", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v8i5/show_abstract.php?id=ART20197840, Volume 8 Issue 5, May 2019, 819 - 823

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