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Work Place Violence on Nurses and Doctors in India: Review Paper

Naveena J H

Abstract: INTRODUCTION: India has the second largest population in the world, where healthcare is one of the growing fields. Instances of patient's relatives assaulting the treating doctor are a common scenario all over India. Violence against nurses is a complex and persistent occupational hazard facing the nursing profession. Paradoxically, the job sector with the mission to care for people appears to be at the highest risk of workplace violence. Nurses are among the most assaulted workers in the any workforce. Too frequently, nurses are exposed to violence ? primarily from patients, patients? families, and visitors. This violence can take the form of intimidation, harassment, stalking, beatings, stabbings, shootings, and other forms of assault. According to the data of the Bureau of Labour Statistics (BLS), USA, workplace assaults and violent acts occur in the health sector more often than in any other industry. Several independent studies all over the world have reported the prevalence of workplace violence among physicians and health workers to be 56%-75%. Patients and their relatives are the most common perpetrators of non-fatal workplace violence. However, violence and abuse is also committed by hospital co-workers, particularly emotional abuse and sexual harassment. (OSHA 2018) Psychological consequences resulting from violence may include fear, frustration, lack of trust in hospital administration, and decreased job satisfaction. Incidences of violence early in nurses? careers are particularly problematic as nurses can become disillusioned with their profession. Violence not only affects nurses? perspectives of the profession, but it also undermines recruitment and retention efforts which, in a time of a pervasive nursing shortage, threatens patient care. Aruna Shanbaug lay in a near vegetative state for 42 years in a cubicle in Mumbai's King Edward Memorial (KEM) Hospital, where she had worked as a nurse and where she was sexually assaulted in 1973. Columnist Bachi Karkaria pieces together her story. Unaware of her unwanted fame, the 67-year-old became India's metaphor for the right to life. In one more of the ironies that mocked Aruna Shanbaug over the decades, the judgment allowed for euthanasia in rare cases - it had been illegal in India - but denied it to the woman who had been at the centre of it all. On 16 May, she was hooked up to a ventilator in KEM's acute care unit following severe pneumonia. Mercifully, her body seized its own release two days later. (BBC News 2015) In January 2018 at Maulana Azad Medical College in New Delhi, doctors who had treated a pregnant woman who died from respiratory failure were attacked by a mob of about 50 of her relatives, who threw chairs, saline bottles and equipment at them, doctors said. Terrified staffers avoided the melee by locking themselves into a nearby room until help arrived. (The Hindu 2018) Senior AIIMS doctor accused of slapping colleague submits apology; healthcare services still hit as strike continues: A senior doctor of AIIMS New Delhi whose alleged assault on a resident doctor triggered a strike at the premier hospital today tendered a written apology and proceeded on leave on the directions of an internal probe panel. The doctor, who is heading a departmen


Country: India, Subject Area: Nursing

Pages: 1067 - 1069

Edition: Volume 8 Issue 3, March 2019

How to Cite this Article?

Naveena J H, "Work Place Violence on Nurses and Doctors in India: Review Paper", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR),, Volume 8 Issue 3, March 2019, 1067 - 1069

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