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Assessing Quality of Life in HIV-Infected Patients Attending a Public Primary Health Care Setting in South Africa
Norah L. Katende-Kyenda, Bulelwa Mabindla
Abstract: The study assessed quality of life (QoL) among HIV-infected patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted using adults patients recruited from the clinic. The QoL was assessed using a WHOQOL)-HIV-BREF. Demographic information was collected using a semistructured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22. Correlations and ANOVA were performed for determining significance differences between domain scores and QoL variables. Post-hoc analysis was performed using Tukey?s to find contributing pairs to the differences. Of 99 participants interviewed, 52% were females and 48% males. The mean-age was 37.53?9.127 (range 18-60 years), 35(36.1%) had secondary-level of education, 38(40%) singles, 40(40.8%) permanently employed with 40; 40.8% earning more than R4000 monthly and (64; 65.3%) lived in rural areas, 94(96.9%) had chronic-diseases and 45; 48.9% were asymptomatic. The overall mean-scores for health-related QoL were 41?11.9 for psychological, 68.9?17.0 for physical, 39.7?26.6 for social, 58.1?13.2 for environmental, 29.5?28.7 for personal/spiritual/religious and 54.0?20.9 for level of independence domains. Significant difference in mean QoL scores were in level of concentration in psychological (p=0.001), physical environmental in environmental (p=0.006), fear of future/death in personal (p=0.000) and physical pain in physical domains (p=0.001). Challenges related to QoL in HIV-infected patients exist in different domains. Healthcare providers in collaboration with other stakeholders should strengthen their efforts by addressing HIV/AIDS consequences to enhance patients? QoL.
Keywords: HIV, AIDS, QoL, WHOQOL-HIV, HAART
Country: South Africa, Subject Area: Pharmacotherapeutics
Pages: 392 - 398
Edition: Volume 8 Issue 2, February 2019
How to Cite this Article?
Norah L. Katende-Kyenda, Bulelwa Mabindla, "Assessing Quality of Life in HIV-Infected Patients Attending a Public Primary Health Care Setting in South Africa", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v8i2/ART20193274.pdf, Volume 8 Issue 2, February 2019, 392 - 398
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