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Application of Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy to Overcome Anxiety in Disaster Victims

Irfiani Melinda

Abstract: After floods and landslides on April 29, 2017, the people of Sambungrejo Village, Grabag Subdistrict, Magelang Regency experienced several changes in their daily lives such as avoiding activities that were previously liked, despair about the future, difficulty concentrating, difficulty maintaining close relations, trying to avoid talking about events being experienced irritability or anger, great embarrassment, difficulty sleeping, being easily shocked or frightened by the roar for fear of a return of a landslide event. The anxiety condition suffered by citizens can hinder the recovery process after the disaster. For this reason, clinical psychological intervention is needed for the lover. This study aims to determine the impact of implementing REBT in overcoming post-disaster survivors' anxiety. A series of psychological examinations through interviews, observations, several psychological tests and the giving of HSCL-25 questionnaires (Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25) and REBT interventions showed that the five subjects experienced anxiety, fatigue, muscle tension, difficulty concentrating and difficulty sleeping and supported by the results of the pretest of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist scale - 25 (HSCL-25), where the five subjects scored above 1.75, it can be defined as a disorder of anxiety, there were 3 subjects who had severe anxiety and 2 subjects who had moderate anxiety. After the implementation of Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy, the five subjects became calm, relaxed, easy to concentrate and did not experience muscle tension and easy sleep. This is supported by the results of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist - 25 (HSCL-25) application which has decreased by an average of 0.75, makes the subjects quieter, sleep difficulties less, can concentrate and think rationally, relax more but tension in the muscles and sometimes there still appears one of several symptoms that exist because the average anxiety that goes down has not crossed the normal limit

Keywords: anxiety, rational emotive behavioral therapy, floods and landslides

Country: Indonesia, Subject Area: Psychology Science

Pages: 74 - 81

Edition: Volume 8 Issue 1, January 2019

How to Cite this Article?

Irfiani Melinda, "Application of Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy to Overcome Anxiety in Disaster Victims", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR),, Volume 8 Issue 1, January 2019, 74 - 81

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