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Effectiveness of Individualized Use of a Multisensory Environment on Engagement in Preschool Children Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder

Dr. M. Mahendran BOT, S. Sribalan, K. Dinesh

Abstract: ABSTRACT Objective: In keeping with client-centered practice in support of occupational performance, we examined the use of a multisensory environment (MSE) on engagement in preschool children with Attention deficit hyper activity disorder (ADHD), comparing two different methods: an individualized approach and a protocol-driven approach. Method: Fifteen children, ages four to seven years, participated. A randomized, counterbalanced design was used to measure engagement in the protocol-driven condition and the individualized condition. In the protocol-driven sessions, the equipment was turned on in a slow, sequential manner. In the individualized sessions, participants were free to play and engage the MSE as desired. Engagement was measured across four variables: 1) The number of requests/initiations, 2) the duration of engagement /play, 3) affect, and desired and undesired behaviors identified by the parents. Sensory processing patterns were determined through the Sensory Profile (Dunn, 1997). Parents were asked for their opinion of the use of the MSE under the two conditions. Results: Results were not significant in terms of increased engagement in an MSE in the individualized approach. However, most parents valued the use of the MSE with their children. Conclusion: This study provides a picture of engagement within MSEs for preschool children with ADHD. Given the results, occupational therapists should select between the individualized and protocol-driven approaches according to their own clinical judgment. Further research is needed to guide best practice use of MSEs

Keywords: KEY WORDS ADHD, Multisensory environment, protocol and individualized driven condition approach

Country: India, Subject Area: Occupational Therapy

Pages: 102 - 109

Edition: Volume 7 Issue 10, October 2018

How to Cite this Article?

Dr. M. Mahendran BOT, S. Sribalan, K. Dinesh, "Effectiveness of Individualized Use of a Multisensory Environment on Engagement in Preschool Children Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i10/ART20191660.pdf, Volume 7 Issue 10, October 2018, 102 - 109

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